I am a Professor of Psychology in the School of Mind, Brain and Behavior and a Professor of Psychiatry in the College of Medicine. I am also appointed faculty in the Marketing Department of the Eller College of Management, and a research associate in the Arizona Cancer Center, all at the University of Arizona.
I received my B.A. with honors in Psychology from San Jose State University in 1988, my Ph.D. in Social Psychology from the University of California at Santa Cruz in 1993, and I completed post-doctoral training at Princeton University before joining the Arizona faculty in 1997.
I direct two research labs in the Psychology Department at the University of Arizona:
Our research in the Self and Attitudes lab develops new influence strategies to promote healthy behavior and the reduction of prejudice. For example, we investigate the attitude and behavior change that follows from an act of “hypocrisy” (Stone, 2011). My students and I find that when people advocate a behavior that they personally do not perform, they are motivated by cognitive dissonance to adopt more positive attitudes and behaviors toward the issue. An interesting article about the psychology of hypocrisy can be found here
Our research on prejudice and stereotyping focuses on implicit or "nonconscious" forms of bias. For example, recent studies examine the implicit prejudice people hold toward individuals with a tattoo (Zestcott, Bean & Stone, 2017). We also investigate the role of stereotypes and prejudice in creating ethnic and racial health disparities (Zestcott, Blair & Stone, 2016), and are testing various approaches to reducing implicit biases. Our work on these issues has been funded by the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation, and by various state and local grants.
In the Social Psychology of Sport Lab, our research investigates the causes and consequences of racial and gender stereotypes for the behavior of athletes both on and off the field. We examine how negative stereotypes impact perceptions of athletic performance, and how stereotype threat processes impact outcomes in sports (Stone, Chalabaev, & Harrison, 2011) and education (Stone, Harrison, & Mottley, 2012). Our work on the role of stereotypes in sports has been featured in programs on National Public Radio, the BBC, in Newsweek Magazine, on the television show ABC Primetime, and in various newspapers around the globe.
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- Bean, M. G., Stone, J., Moskowitz, G. B., Badger, T., & Focella, E. (2013). Evidence of implicit stereotyping of Hispanic patients by nursing and medical students. Nursing Research, 62(5), 362-367.
- Focella, E., Stone, J., Fernandez, N.C., Cooper, J., & Hogg, M. (2016). Vicarious hypocrisy: Bolstering attitudes and taking action after exposure to a hypocritical in-group member. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 62, 89-102
- Moskowitz, G. M., Stone, J., & Childs, A. (2012). Implicit stereotyping and medical decisions: Unconscious stereotype activation in practitioners' thoughts about African Americans. American Journal of Public Health, 102(5), 996–1001.
- Schmader, T., Croft, A., Whitehead, J., & Stone, J. (2013). A peek inside the targets’ toolbox: How stigmatized targets deflect prejudice by invoking a common identity. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 35, 141-149.
- Stone, J., Aronson, E., Crain, A. L., Winslow, M. P., & Fried, C. B. (1994). Inducing hypocrisy as a means of encouraging young adults to use condoms. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 20(1), 116-128.
- Stone, J., & Cooper, J. (2001). A self-standards model of cognitive dissonance. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 37, 228-243.
- Stone, J., & Fernandez, N. C. (2008). To practice what we preach: The use of hypocrisy and cognitive dissonance to motivate behavior change. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 2(2), 1024-1051.
- Stone, J., Harrison, C. K., & Mottley, J. (2012). "Don't call me a student-athlete": The effect of identity priming on stereotype threat for academically engaged African-American college athletes. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 34:2, 99-106.
- Stone, J., Lynch, C., Sjomeling, M., & Darley, J. M. (1999). Stereotype threat effects on Black and White athletic performance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77, 1213-1227.
- Stone, J., & Moskowitz, G. B. (2011). Nonconscious racial bias in medical decision-making: What can be done to reduce it? Medical Education, 45, 768-776.
- Stone, J., Perry, Z. W., & Darley, J. M. (1997). "White men can’t jump": Evidence for the perceptual confirmation of racial stereotypes following a basketball game. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 19(3), 291-306.
- Stone, J., Whitehead, J., Schmader, T., & Focella, E. (2011). Thanks for asking: Self-affirming questions reduce backlash when stigmatized targets confront prejudice. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47, 589-598.
- Stone, J., Wiegand, A. W., Cooper, J., & Aronson, E. (1997). When exemplification fails: Hypocrisy and the motive for self-integrity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72(1), 54-65.
- Zestcott, C. A., Bean, M. G., & Stone, J. (2017). Evidence of negative implicit attitudes toward individuals with a tattoo. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 20, 186-201.
- Zestcott, C. A., Blair, I. V., & Stone, J. (2016). Examining the presence, consequences, and reduction of implicit bias in health care: A narrative review. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations: Special Issue on Health Disparities, 19, 528-542
- Stone, J. (2011). Consistency as a basis for behavioral interventions: Using hypocrisy and cognitive dissonance to motivate behavior change. In B. Gawronski & F. Strack (Eds) Cognitive Consistency: A Fundamental Principle in Social Cognition (pp. 346-367). Guilford Press.
- Stone, J., Chalabaev, A., & Harrison, C. K. (2011). Stereotype threat in sports. In M Inzlicht & T. Schmader (Eds) Stereotype Threat: Theory, Process, and Application (pp. 217-230). Oxford University Press.
Department of Psychology
University of Arizona
Tucson, Arizona 85721
- Phone: (520) 626-2438
- Fax: (520) 621-9306